Moles Cancer / Malignant Melanoma
Someone will look beautiful with a mole because a mole is suppossed no dangerous at all, instead looks attractive especially if located at the end of upper lips or chin. Normal moles have small size and texture and do not cause any certain effects such as itching and pain. If a mole has an experienced effects of itching, it should be awared. May it could have been turned into a melanoma that is a kind of skin cancer. Melanoma or in Latin language also known as Malignant Melanoma is a kind of skin cancer hich begins from a mole that have an inflammation which caused by the exposure of the sun’s ultraviolet rays too often.
The average of person has 10-40 moles in their body. Moles are mostly begin to grow for the first 20 years of life. This growth is also mostly influenced by the environment and a habitual activity which unhealthy.
The mole is include as a kind of benign tumors in human skin. In medical terms, a mole is called as nevus pigmentosus. The characteristic of this benign tumor is a dark color, some has a fixed size, but the others continue to grow bigger so it would be worried the owner. The sunlight is necessary to be awared as the cause of melanoma. The open sunlight will affect to the increase in melanin pigment which become excessive so it can enlarge the size of a mole. White people, for example, are more susceptible to get melanoma than we compared to the people in Asia or Africa. Similarly, the exposure of the ultra violet rays which has chronic cumulative will increase the risk of melanoma skin cancer.
Recognize the effects of the mole
There are three categories of analysis of a mole, which is still normal, or has directed to be a malignant cancer. This analysis can help us to find out the rate of changes a mole itself.
Benign moles can be said as a benign moles if the shape, size and no colour changes. The ideal size is about 1-6mm. If it is greater than normal size and the texture has been arised, still include as a normal mole when the shape has no changes to become larger.
Moles are included into the pre-cancer if in the shape has changed to become larger and irregular.
This stage is quite easily to recognize and very important to be awared and quick handling. A mole which has been enlarged, itchy, hurt if scratched and bleeding. The problem of a mole is not just a problem on the skin surface, but also the problem in the lower layers of the skin, so it’s rarely to give a treatment with traditional treatment. The mole which has a risk of cancer should be treated immediately before experience to be metastatic or spread to other parts of the body.
That’s why it is really important to detect the changes of a mole into melanoma in early stage, when the cure rates with surgery almost 100%. Melanoma can appear anywhere on the body, but mostly found in the back, buttocks, legs, scalp, neck, and behind the ears.
What is Melanoma?
Melanoma is a type of skin cancer which can not be underestimated. This cancer occurs in cells that produce melanin pigment or the cells that give color to the skin. Not only on the skin, melanoma also occurs in the eyes and internal organs such as the gastrointestinal tract although this is just rarely happen. The genetic factors and the radiation of ultraviolet rays (UV) can increase the risk of melanoma.
If the doctor suspects of a melanoma, excision biopsy may be done. This procedure is usually done with a small scalpel or scissors to take partial tissues of a mole to be investigated in the laboratory.
Diagnosis and Prevention of Moles Cancers
Try to visit your doctor if your mole has shown the indication which has directed of melanoma. Itching and continues to be enlarged size, often ignore, just because they thought that it would not be worst. Be careful with these symptoms, moreover if you have white skin and almost do outdoor activities and exposed to direct sunlight. For the first it just feels itchy, and it could be turned into pain and bleeding. For that, visit your a doctor if there is symptoms of melanoma. The doctor may ask for the information about the development of your moles and your family history. The doctor will do this because it would be more potential if your family history have ever experienced in this melanoma disease.
A common method that usually used by the doctor in examining the moles is using ABCDE rules, namely:
Asymmetry : the moles in symmetrical shape are ideal and in safe category, if not in symmetry shape, it can be awared as a symptom of cancer.
Border : if the boundary between the moles with skin is very clear, it means the conditions are safe.
Color : the color of a mole is usually one color, if there are many colors, they could be suspected
Diameter : The ideal size is 0.6 cm (6 mm). If bigger than 0.6 cm (6 mm), there is the indication of melanomas.
Elevation / enlargement: If contoured has been arise, it is categorized as poorly.
You should also know that having a lot of moles have a greater risk of melanoma. Hairy moles have no indication of melanoma cancer. If there is a suspicion of melanoma, usually a doctor will do a biopsy and if the result is positive, the doctor will perform surgery and the mole is removed from the skin.
The Surgery Of The Moles Cancer
Mole small and relatively not dangerous can be removed with liquid gas which is frozen or applying a substance that has the same effect. For larger lesions, it needs to be removed by the surgery. This operation is relatively simple and usually performed under local anesthesia. The area around the lesion will be completely anesthetized but you still feel concious. In other cases, general anesthesia may be necessary if the mole removal takes along time or difficult. If the surgery is done with a laser, does not require the anesthesia because it is painless. The patient will only feel the tingling sensation during a surgical procedure.
The procedures of miles surgery are very safe and almost have no side effects, but maybe from the anesthetic. However, if the lesion is large enough, you may have a permanent scar. Moles do not usually grow back after being removed.
The Risk Moles
The following types of moles are more at risk than others to become a cancer:
1. The mole which has a large size at birth.
2. The moles tend to be inherited in a large size and irregular shape. Usually has a center with a dark brown and light colors with uneven boundary.
3. The moles which appear more than 20 pieces.
The Treatment of Melanoma
The treatment of melanoma depends on the symptoms of the disease. Effective way of treatment is to remove it from the skin surface, but this case can only be done for early melanoma. Melanoma can be removed from the skin if it has not spread yet. The success rate of surgical is almost approaching 100%. Although the success rate is high enough, it does not mean for the people who has already done the melanoma surgery, do not control the skin condition. Because there is also a risk again. So, always control if the operation has already been done.
Melanoma that has been spread, The way of treatment is with chemotherapy. But the recovery rate is quite low and often causes a fatal result. For the experimental treatment with immunotherapy of interleukin-2 is recommended because it gives promising results.
The Prevention of Moles Cancer
Before melanoma attackes your skin, never ignore a mole that has a changed shape. Protect your skin from direct Ultraviolet rays by using sunscreen every day (with a minimum of SPF 15) and use a hat, glasses, long sleeve shirts, long pants or long skirts. Do not often under the sun rays for a long time. Avoid the sun at midday (at 10-14).